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Showing posts from March 7, 2010

Grammar/ESL Review

I can still remember my teacher in high school. Her name is Miss Jose. She had further studies in the US until she taught English in the Philippines. I remember her dark glasses, and how very smart she looked. What my classmates and I am now is because she was once part of our happy education. Let me share basic grammar to everyone for review:


1. phonology Phonology is the sounds or the system of sounds into a language.

2. morphology is the shape of words and affixes. It is the branch of grammar that deals with forms of words and/or patterns or words.

3. syntax The syntax are ways words are combined into larger structures including sentences.

4. semantics Semantic means the development of meaning of words.

5.pragmatics Pragmatics is language in a social context. It is a division of semiotics which studies signs, symbols and their uses.

6. discourse A discourse are chunks of language larger than a sentence; It can be a long written or spoken discussion or conversation.

What's in a Name?

What’s in a name? Your all. Each individual is baptized with a name, and registered with a name in his/her birth certificate. Likewise, your name shows in identifications and death certificate. You can’t get away without a name because it represents who you are, whether it be your aliases or a pseudo.

Oftentimes, names come with meaning and suggests a story with it – the life it decodes. Others use names they call power names. Some writers have their assumed names, as well. Names are precious to each being they represent. In the Bible, it says that God will always remember the chosen ones, and write their names that wouldn’t be erased for all eternity.

In everyday language, names are classified under nouns. Usually, nouns stand as subjects of a sentence. Include this list in your vocabulary:

1. Nouns are names. Names are nouns. Nouns are names of persons, places, and things. They are qualities, ideas and activities. The nouns are usually the subjects in sentences. Subc…

Twinkle Star/Constellations

Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star

Stars are among the most beautiful of God’s creations. They’re a huge ball of hot gases and contains a great deal of hydrogen. All elements in a star are in gaseous state. The sun is a star, and it is an average-sized star.

Everyone loves the stars, especially the kids. These stars make up wonderful stories and myths. One cannot just stop wondering about the stars, and dream on it.

Try this song to make your day happy:

“Twinkle, twinkle little star
How I wonder what you are
Up above the world so high
Like a diamond in the sky.

Twinkle, twinkle little star
How I wonder what you are.”

The tune of this song is almost like the ABC tune (English alphabet song).

II. Constellations

1. constellation A constellation is a group of stars having a geometric shapes within a definite regions of the sky. Constellations are often names after mythological figures.

2. milky way A milky way is a galaxy, a slowly rotating mass of stars, dust and gas. It is 100,00…